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  Guidelines for authors submitting a 'Paper'

Please send the Abstract of the paper to the Editor at cfa@cfa-international.org.  If it is considered suitable for consideration you will be asked to send the complete manuscript.

Manuscripts submitted for consideration must conform to the following points.  Any deviation will result in the manuscript being returned to the author.



·         Contributions must be original* and not have been submitted for publication elsewhere.

      (Note: Plagiarism is evaluated by use of electronic software.  For more information on what constitutes plagiarism, and why it is important please click here).

·         The text, excluding tables, references and appendices, should not exceed 7000 words, although exceptions may be permitted in special cases.

·         A SUMMARY of not more than 150 words must be supplied, together with 5 keywords.

·         All spelling must conform to UK/international English.

·         The layout of the text and style of table and figure legends and references must conform to that of the International Forestry Review. This means:

o        Main title in Arial, Text in Times New Roman

o        The hierarchy of headings is: CAPITALS, bold lower case, italics lower case.



·         Manuscripts should be produced in Microsoft Word, written in Times New Roman typeface (size 12 pt), with single row spacing, left justification and without hyphenation.

·         The manuscript should be written in the passive voice, e.g. 'The experiment was carried out' is correct; 'We carried out the experiment' is incorrect.

·         Manuscripts should be submitted with UK English spellings.  Make sure that a spell check with UK English spellings is used prior to submission.

·         Paragraphs should not be separated by any additional line spacing.  The first paragraph in a section should not be indented.  The first line of each subsequent paragraph should be indented to 1.27cm

·         Use quotation marks (" ") only around quotations or titles.  Do not use them to highlight or emphasise text.

·         Do not use numbering for headings.

·         et al. is correct, et al is incorrect.

·         The document should be saved as a Microsoft Word file with *.doc file extension.



·         The title and author's details should be in the following format

Mutually beneficial company-community partnership in ensuring its long-term viability: emerging lessons from Indonesia


Center for International Forestry Research, Jl. CIFOR, Situ Gede, Sindang Barang, Bogor 16680, Indonesia

Email: a.nawir@cgiar.org and l.santoso@cgiar.org


·         Tables should clear and simple, with a maximum of 8 columns. (Note that tables have limited space in the final layout and therefore the reduction of font size to a minimum of 8 pt during typesetting should be taken into account when preparing tables).

·         Headings and other texts in table cells should to be concise. Tables including captions, legends and footnotes should be written in Microsoft Word (in exceptional cases Microsoft Excel can be used following agreement of the Editor).

·         Tables should be saved in a separate file (not as an integral part of manuscript) and the manuscript text should contain the reference to the position of the table (or figure) in brackets.



·         Numbers greater than 999 should be written with appropriate spaces and without commas, e.g 10 000 is correct, 10,000 and 10000 are incorrect



·         References to footnotes in the main text should be marked with arabic numerals in superscript form.



·         Graphs, diagrams and other figures should be prepared in Microsoft Excel or in Microsoft PowerPoint and saved in separate files. Graphs and diagrams should be drawn in 2-D form (not in 3-D spatial form) and single columns or circle sectors (in case of pie diagrams) should be filled with graycscale colours (not with colour filling or by using of automatic hatching). The line weight of axes and other lines and also the size of used letters or numerals should be appropriate to the final size reduction of diagrams during layout of final magazine page (maximum width of finally reduced diagram is either 8 or 18 cm depending on whether it fits one or two columns).

·         Complex images such as maps (drawn in line draw or grayscale format) should be prepared in one of the following: CorelDraw, Adobe Illustrator, Adobe Photoshop, Macromedia Freehand or similar in which he finished images can be saved as *.eps (Encapsulated PostScript) file format. B&W photographs should be submitted as *.tif image file format with a resolution of at least 300 dpi. Colour photographs may be submitted only after agreement with the Editor. Colour images should be saved in CMYK colour format, as *tif file format and with a resolution of at least 300 dpi.

·         Titles should be in the format: TABLE X  Title of table



·         The complete scientific name (genus, species, authority and, where appropriate, cultivar) should be cited at the first occasion of its mention and written in italics (authority in normal type).  If vernacular names are used, they must be accompanied by the correct scientific name at first use.



·         For text citations, papers should be referred to as (Smith 1998) and papers by the same author in the same year should be distinguished by lettering in sequence (1998a, 1998b, etc.). Where papers are written by a single author or two authors their names should be cited.  If three or more authors are involved the first name should be listed followed by 'et al.', e.g. (Smith et al. 2002).

·         Citations should be separated by a comma, not a semi-colon, i.e. (Johnstone 2003, Smith 2002, Smith et al. 2002).

·         Multiple citations by different authors should be listed alphabetically, e.g. (Brown 2001, Jones 2003 and Smith 2002).

·         Multiple citations by the same author should conform to the following format (Brown 2001, 2005, 2009).



·         Direct quotations from papers or books should be referenced in the format (Smith 1998: 23-24).



·         At the end of the paper, the list of references must be arranged in alphabetical ordering without serial numbering.

·         References should be formatted with a 'hanging' indent.

·         There should be no additional line spacing between individual references.

·         The following standard forms of citation must be used:

      Author's name, all authors' initials to follow surname, journal and book titles in italics. Volume number in bold. Second and subsequent lines should not be indented.

      For example:

Journal paper

LÄHDE, E., LAIHO, O., NOROKORPI, Y. and SAKSA, T. 1999. Stand structure as the basis of diversity index. Forest Ecology and Management 115 (2/3): 213-220.

Paper or chapter in proceedings

SMITH, W.J. 2001. Selection of tree species for arid environments. In: BLACKBURN, J.W. (ed.) Multipurpose trees and shrubs for fuelwood and agroforestry. CNRD Monograph No4. 366 pp.


PHILLIP, M.S. 1994. Measuring trees and forests. 2nd edition, CAB International, Wallingford, England. 310 pp.

  ·         Unnecessary use of capitals should be avoided.  For example

HOLMGREN, J., JOYCE, S., NILSSON, M. and OLSSON. H. 2000. Estimating Stem Volume and Basal Area in Forest Compartments by Combining Satellite Image Data with Field Data. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 15: 103–111.   Is incorrect.

HOLMGREN, J., JOYCE, S., NILSSON, M. and OLSSON. H. 2000. Estimating stem volume and basal area in forest compartments by combining satellite image data with field data. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 15: 103–111.  Is correct.

  ·         Websites should only be quoted in isolation where hard copies are not available.

  ·         Click here to download the Endnote template for formatting references.




·         It is necessary for authors to acknowledge suggestions made by referees with a simple statement such as 'The valuable suggestions made by anonymous referees is gratefully acknowledged'.

View a sample paper here and ensure that all aspects of formatting are adhered to strictly before submitting your manuscript for consideration.

* Original means that the paper, or any close derivative of it, has not been published previously in any form, including on the internet.



·         Click here for an example of a published manuscript. 

·         Click here for a sample issue of the International Forestry Review. 


·         Manuscripts offered for publication should be submitted by email to



·         Contributions will be referred to at least two expert referees. Authors will be consulted if the paper is considered suitable but alterations are thought desirable. After alterations have been agreed and incorporated, the paper will be considered final.



·         For assistance with preparing manuscripts visit our Online guide to scientific writing

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